What Defines a Criminal Record in Oklahoma?
A criminal record is defined as an official document that records a person’s criminal history. The information is assembled and updated from local, county and state jurisdictions, trial courts, courts of appeals as well as county and state correctional facilities. The standard for criminal record collection and storage varies from county to county, but the majority of Oklahoma criminal records are organized in online record depositories that are available to the public in the form of a Criminal Background Report. This report is accessed through a number of courts, police departments, and the official Oklahoma State Records Online Database. The amount of criminal records information presented on StateRecords.org will vary from individual to individual as well as what resources were used to collect the information because different sources often have non-standardized state level protocols, storage classifications, requirements, organization and digitization processes. Criminal records in the state of Oklahoma generally include the following subjects:
Oklahoma Arrest Records
An arrest record is an official document providing information regarding a person that has been questioned, apprehended, taken into custody, placed in detention, held for investigation and/or charged with, indicted or tried for any felony, misdemeanor or other offense by any law enforcement or military authority. In Oklahoma, a person can be arrested once they commit a misdemeanor amounting to a minor of an act as a breach of the peace or they commit a felony where there are reasonable grounds to believe they committed the crime, The Criminal Process
. The offenders get arrested when the crime they committed would have to get to court.
Oklahoma Arrest Warrants
An arrest warrant is an official document that is signed and issued by a judge or magistrate on behalf of the local and state jurisdictions, which authorizes a police officer to arrest or detain the person or people named in the warrant or to search and seize the individual’s property. In Oklahoma, the police can arrest a person for committing a crime even without a warrant, Arrest Warrant Information
. In most cases, this occurs when the person commits the crime in an officer’s presence.
A misdemeanor is a non-indictable offense and is generally less severe than felonies; however, like felonies, a misdemeanor charge is categorized by a number-based system designed to describe the severity of the alleged crime. Oklahoma does not organize misdemeanors into separate categories. For example, some states have different classes of misdemeanors, such as Class 1, 2, and 3. In states that have such categories, Class 1 misdemeanors might be considered the most serious, while Class 3 misdemeanors might be considered the least serious, Misdemeanor Guide
. In Oklahoma, misdemeanor crimes are determined by the potential punishment associated with them, anyone convicted of a misdemeanor offense in Oklahoma faces a maximum sentence of up to one year in jail or $500 in fines. Courts have the ability to impose jail sentences, fines, or both.
A felony offense is a criminal conviction with a maximum sentence of more than 1 year, which is to be served in a county jail or state prison. In some cases, a felony conviction can even be punished by death. Oklahoma is one of a small number of states that do not classify felonies into different categories. For example, some states have felony categories such as Class A, B, and C.
In those states a Class A felony might be the most serious type while a Class C felony might be the least serious, Oklahoma Felony Conviction Consequences
. In Oklahoma, a felony is any crime punishable by death or imprisonment in a state prison.
Oklahoma Sex Offender Listing
A sex offender listing is a registry of persons who were convicted of committing a sex crime that is often accessible by the public. In most cases, jurisdictions compile their laws into sections, such as traffic, assault and sexual. Judges are given discretion as to whether they require registration for crimes besides the charges listed under the sex offender registration law, NEW OFFENDER REGISTRIES
. A judge may order an adult to register as a sex offender if the crime they were convicted of involves sexual motivation.
Oklahoma Serious Traffic Violation
A serious traffic violation tends to involve willful disregard for public safety, death, serious bodily injury, damage to property and multiple minor traffic violations. Each traffic ticket has its own fee and number of points attributed to the driving license. If the offenders accumulate 10 points or more within 5 years, the Department of Public Safety (DPS) will suspend the driver's license.
Oklahoma Conviction Records
A conviction record is an official document providing information that a person was found guilty, pleaded guilty or pleaded nolo contendere against criminal charges in a civilian or military court. The criminal charges can be classified as a felony, misdemeanor or other offense. Conviction also includes when a person has been judged delinquent, has been less than honorably discharged or has been placed on probation, fined, imprisoned or paroled. A criminal conviction is rendered by either a jury of peers or a judge in a court of law. A conviction does not include a final judgment that was deleted by a pardon, set aside, reversed or otherwise rendered inoperative.
Oklahoma Jail and Inmate Records
Jail and inmate records are official documents of information about a person’s current and sometimes past inmate status. A person who is in jail or considered an inmate is someone who has been deprived of their civil liberties and is on trial for a crime or is serving, which maintains an inmate database that is often searchable online a prison sentence after being convicted of a crime.
Most states have a Department of Corrections: Oklahoma Department of Corrections
. These records often include the inmate’s name, incarceration date, expected release date, convicted offense and sometimes photos.
Oklahoma Parole Information
Parole records are an official document that includes information regarding the release of a prisoner who agreed to certain conditions prior to completion of their maximum sentence. While the prisoner is on supervised parole, the board shall require as a condition of parole that they pay a monthly supervision fee of not less than $30, unless the board agrees to accept a lower fee after determining inability of the prisoner to pay. The board may also impose any conditions of parole it deems appropriate in order to ensure the best interests of the prisoner and the citizens of Oklahoma are served.
Oklahoma Probation Records
Probation records are official documents that show when a person receives probation as an alternative to prison. Probation allows people convicted of a crime in Oklahoma to serve their sentences out of custody, as long as they comply with probation conditions imposed by the judge and probation officer Oklahoma Probation Rules
. Probation is issued in proportion to the crime, so the length and nature of probation differ (sometimes drastically) from case to case. Probation typically falls into three categories: minimally supervised, supervised and intensive – intensive is a form of very strict probation that has conditions that vary from state to state but that emphasize punishment and control of the offender within the community.
Oklahoma Juvenile Criminal Records
A juvenile criminal record is an official record of information regarding criminal activity committed by children or adolescents who are not yet of legal adult age. Juveniles are not considered to be convicted of a crime like an adult but instead are found to be “adjudicated delinquent.”These criminal records are often mistakenly thought to be erased or expunged once a person becomes of legal adult age, but in fact, the record remains unless the person petitions to have it expunged. If a person was found adjudicated delinquent to a criminal offense, they do not have to respond “yes” if asked whether they have ever been convicted of a crime, unless the question specifically asks if they were ever adjudicated delinquent as well.
Oklahoma History and Accuracy of Criminal Records
The accuracy of the data of criminal records depends on the recordkeeping and technological capabilities of the jurisdiction where the record was assembled and later digitized. Oklahoma criminal records archives usually tend to go back as far as the 1970s when criminal and arrest data started to be centralized and compiled into an organized database much like we use today. Accuracy was more commonly affected by the human error in the past, but in the 1990s the quality and accuracy of recordkeeping improved exponentially due to the advent of the computer, so the information provided on StateRecords.org will vary from person to person.
Oklahoma Megan’s Law
Megan's Law is the term for state laws that create and maintain a sex offender registry, which provides information on registered sex offenders to the public. The first Megan's Law appeared after the rape and murder of 7-year-old New Jersey resident Megan Kanka by a sex offender who lived in the girl's own neighborhood. Soon after passage of this first Megan's Law, the federal government implemented a requirement that all states establish sex offender registries and provide the public with information about those registered, NEW OFFENDER REGISTRIES
. The law in Oklahoma will require a registration the offenders who have been convicted or received any probation term for the commission or attempt to commit certain sex crimes in the state after November 1, 1989, or who entered the state on or after November 1, 1989, having previously been convicted or received a suspended or deferred sentence for a crime or attempted crime which if committed or attempted in this state would be a crime as provided in the following section. The provisions of the Sex Offenders Registration Act will not apply to any person who has received a criminal history records expungement for a conviction in another state for a crime or attempted crime which, if committed or attempted in this state, would be a registerable crime.